PCOS also called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a gynecological issue found in every one out of ten women in India. This condition causes hormonal imbalances and metabolic imbalances. It can affect many aspects of a woman’s health, and fertility is one of them. PCOS, which is a treatable condition, is usually found in women who have achieved puberty. However, it comes into notice when women fail to conceive.
The name polycystic disease is inappropriate because these women do not bear cysts, but a heap of multiple follicles (eggs) that resemble cysts. This disease first came into the light in 1721, and since then many studies and researches have been conducted on it, but nothing has been found so far that clears what factors lead to PCOS in women. A part of some studies and researches has concluded that it is a genetic disorder, while others hold different views.
Women suffering from PCOS have excessive amounts of androgens or male hormones in their bodies. These same women usually produce extremely low progesterone hormones and their bodies oppose insulin production too.
What Are The Most Common Signs Of PCOS?
The most common signs of PCOS are lengthened or abnormal periods. Women with PCOS probably miss their period, which is very discouraging when attempting to become pregnant, or their periods are occasional and inconstant. Nevertheless, some women suffering from PCOS have routine menstrual cycles that confuse both the patients and doctors. Other typical PCOS signs incorporate:
- Abnormal hair growth
- Mood changes
- Hyper-pigmentation and darkening of the skin
- Weight gain
- Infertility, etc.
Why There is Still Hope?
A diagnosis of PCOS is usually made by a gynecologist-obstetrician. On examination, the doctor notes an increase in both ovaries and external signs of PCOS. Ultrasound of the pelvic organs with a vaginal probe, the study of estradiol, FSH, TSH, and prolactin in serum are also required to properly diagnose PCOS and rule out other conditions. Once the condition of PCOS is confirmed, there are several treatment options that your doctor may suggest, for example, fertility Medications, IVF, surgery, weight loss therapy, and so on. PCOS can be effectively managed under medical supervision and you can overcome infertility. To learn more, please get in touch with us.
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